A sentence, even if final, can be quashed in certain cases, which many systems usually predetermine. The most common case concerns irregularities discovered later in the course of the procedure. This is perhaps most evident in criminal cases when relevant evidence is discovered after the final judgment. Legal, legal, legitimate, legal means complying with the law. Licite may apply to conformity with laws of any kind (e.g., natural, divine, general, or canonical). The legal sovereign right applies to what is sanctioned by law or in accordance with the law, especially if it is written or administered by the courts. Legal residents of the state may legitimately refer to a legal right or status, but also, in the case of extensive use, to a right or status supported by tradition, custom or accepted norms. A perfectly legitimate question about tax legality concerns strict compliance with legal provisions and applies in particular to what is regulated by law. Legal drug use by doctors Criminal law sometimes has pitfalls that lead to much harsher penalties when certain facts are proven. For example, an armed professional criminal or customary law may sentence an accused to a substantial increase in his sentence if he commits a third offence of some type. It is therefore difficult to obtain fine gradations of sanctions.
Anglo-French, from Latin legalis, from leg-, lex law In modern Latin systems, judgment is primarily the last act of any proceeding in which a judge or, more generally, a body is called upon to express its assessment, so it can be rendered in virtually any area of law that requires a function of evaluating something by an organ. If a sentence is reduced to a less severe one, the sentence is considered mitigated or commuted. Murder charges are rarely mitigated and reduced to manslaughter charges. In some jurisdictions, however, an accused may be punished beyond the terms of punishment, social stigma, loss of state benefits, or, collectively, the collateral consequences of criminal charges. As a rule, the judgment comes after a process in which the decision-making body is able to assess whether or not the conduct analysed is compatible with legal systems and, finally, which aspects of the conduct might affect which laws. Depending on the particular systems, the stages leading up to judgment can vary considerably and the judgment may be rejected by both parties on some degree of appeal. The sentence imposed by the Court of Appeal with the highest permissible degree immediately becomes the final judgment, as does the sentence imposed in minor degrees, to which the convicted person or the prosecutor does not object or does not object within a certain period. The sentence must normally be in the public domain, and in most systems it must be accompanied by the reasons for its content, a kind of history of the legal reflections and assessments that the jury body used to create it. Laws generally set the highest sentences that can be imposed for certain offences, and penal policies often prescribe the minimum and maximum custodial sentences that must be imposed on an offender, which are then left to the discretion of the trial court.  In some jurisdictions, however, prosecutors have a great deal of influence over the actual sentences imposed, as they may decide at their discretion what crimes the offender is charged with and what facts they are trying to prove, or ask the accused to stipulate this in an agreement. It has been argued that Parliament has an incentive to impose harsher sentences than it would like to see for the typical defendant, recognizing that the blame for an insufficient range of penalties to deal with a particularly egregious crime would fall on Parliament, but that the blame for excessive sentences would rest with prosecutors.  Sentencing is usually determined by a judge and/or jury and pronounced in the name or on behalf of the higher authority of the state.
The sentence imposed depends on the philosophical principle of the court and what the legal system considers to be the object of the sentence. The most common purposes of sentencing are: The term sentence in law refers to a sentence that has been or may be ordered by a trial court in the course of criminal proceedings.  A sentence is the last explicit act of a trial decided by the courts as well as the main symbolic act associated with its function. The penalty can generally include imprisonment, a fine, and/or penalties against an accused who has been convicted of a crime. Individuals incarcerated for multiple offences generally serve a concurrent sentence in which the length of imprisonment equals the longest sentence, in which the sentences are all served together at the same time, while others serve a consecutive sentence in which the sentence of imprisonment is equal to the sum of all consecutive sentences.  Additional sentences include intermediate sentences, which allow an inmate to be free for work purposes for approximately 8 hours per day; fixed at a number of days, months or years; and indefinite or bifurcated, which requires that the minimum period be served in an institutional setting such as a prison, followed by probation, supervised release or probation until the full sentence is served.  (1) n. the penalty for a person convicted of a crime. A sentence is ordered by the judge based on the jury`s verdict (or the judge`s decision if there is no jury) within the possible sentences established by state law (or federal law for convictions for a federal felony). In the vernacular, «punishment» refers to imprisonment or the prison sentence ordered after sentencing, as in «his sentence was 10 years in a state prison». Technically, a penalty includes any fine, community service, restitution or other penalty or conditional sentence. First-time defendants without a criminal record may be entitled to a probation or criminal record report from a probation officer based on the history and circumstances of the crime, which often leads to a recommendation regarding probation and sentencing levels.
For misdemeanors (minor felonies), the maximum penalty is usually one year in the county jail, but for felonies (serious crimes), the penalty can range from one year to the death penalty for murder in most states. In certain circumstances, the defendant may receive a «conditional sentence», which means that the sentence will not be imposed if the defendant does not have other problems during the time he would have spent in prison or prison; «concurrent sentences» means where the custodial sentence for more than one offence is served at the same time and lasts only for the duration of the longest sentence; «successive sentences» in which sentences are served consecutively for several crimes; and «indeterminate» sentences, where the actual release date is not set and is based on a review of prison behaviour. (2) v. punish a person who has been convicted of a crime. In most systems, the final verdict is unique, precisely in that no one can be convicted more than once for the same act, except, of course, opposition to the appeal. Judgments are a source of law in many systems, as an authoritative interpretation of the law before concrete cases, i.e. as an extension of the ordinary formal system of documents. The public is alerted to a possible sanction.
The first use of this word with this meaning was in Roman law, where it indicated the opinion of a jurist on a particular issue, expressed in writing or orally. It is also the opinion of senators that has been translated into the senatus consultus. After all, it was also the decision of the sentencing body in civil and criminal proceedings, as well as the decision of arbitrators in arbitration proceedings. In England and Wales, section 142 of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 provides that in cases involving persons over the age of 18, courts should consider punishing offenders with retaliation, deterrence, reform and rehabilitation, protection of the public and compensation to those affected by their crimes.  The person is deterred for fear of another punishment.